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Superior Scientific Synthesis

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                 Synoetics, briefly, is the systematic arrangement of knowledge.  We nominally describe it as the comprehensive or synthetic arrangement of all scientific and infra-scientific knowledge according to laws of strict logical causality.    

                 Synoetics is not, in essence, more than an accumulation of autonomous, disparate sciences; it does not itself form a new higher science separate from and exceeding its parts.  However, its unity is not that of an ‘accidental’ aggregate.  In a simple collection there is no necessary order and subordination according to priority and posteriority.  As a system it is an ordered collection of all its parts according to an analogy of proportionality and attribution.  That is, it is a potential or virtual whole containing, under itself, generically and specifically distinct intellectual disciplines, each offering more or less possibility for demonstrative certitude, and one of which being the principle and regulating discipline: scil., Ontology.  Synoetics then refers to the entire collection of possible human disciplines, but possessing a unity of order.                    It is a system; i.e., it is not a single discipline, but an ordered collective: a conglomeration or complex of all sciences.  Synoetics is the common name for all rational disciplines, but arranged in their proper logical order.

No particular science can exceed the limits which bound its special object; it is concentrated wholly on this without attempting to connect itself with the neighbouring sciences: it has its own processes of investigation and applies them, but it does not submit them to the higher principles that justify them.

It is evident that knowledge of this sort is imperfect: even should it have assimilated all the particular sciences, one after another, the mind would still not be satisfied.  It would possess an encyclopedic knowledge of things, and yet the law of its nature to unify the sundry results of its first inquiries would urge it to ask if the several objects of the particular sciences, or perhaps all of them, have not one or more common features and, in consequence, simpler ones.  Such is the tendency of the mind towards science ​in the highest acceptation of the word.


Desire Mercier

Founder of the Higher Institute of Philosophy, Louvain

 

Order is the function of wisdom

Sapientis Est Ordinare

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What is Synoetics?